Grey Market Premium – IPO GMP

Grey Market Price aka IPO GMP is mainly determined in the Secondary market. Demand for company shares that are expected to be released with an IPO is the main element in the Company’s GMP of the IPO. Because it’s an unofficial, over-the-counter market there aren’t any regulations governing it. The 3rd party entities such as SEBI, Stock Exchange, or Brokers are not involved in or support this deal. Gray market trading is conducted by a small number of individuals.

Gray market premium (GPM) is the premium amount that is paid when grey market IPO shares are sold prior to being listed on an exchange. In simple terms, the shares of the company that was involved through the IPO were bought and sold out of in the market. market.

Latest IPO Grey Market Premium (GMP):

IPOPrice ( ₹ )GMP ( ₹ )Expected Return ( % )
Ruchi Soya FPO GMP---
Adani Wilmar IPO GMP---
Mobikwik IPO GMP---
Gemini Edibles IPO GMP---
Penna Cement IPO GMP---
MedPlus IPO GMP---
Skanray Technologies IPO GMP---

Previous IPO Grey Market Premium (GMP) and Listing Price:

IPOIssue Price ( ₹ )GMP ( ₹ )Listed At ( ₹ )
Go Fashion6904401310
Latentview Analytics197280512
Tarsons Product662170682
Sigachi Industries163250570
Sapphire Foods11501401350
Aditya Birla AMC71220715
Paras Defence175215469
SJS Enterprises54250542
Sansera Engineering74460811
Vijaya Diagnostic5310540
Ami Organics610155910
Windlas Biotech46080437
Devyani International9050141
Rolex Rings9004451250
Glenmark Life Sciences72085750
Tatva Chintan Pharma108310952111
GR Infraprojects8375501716
Clean Science9006101784

What exactly is Grey Market?

Grey Market Premium (GMP)

The Grey Market also called an alternative market is an unofficial stock and application market. In this market, buyers trade shares or applications prior to the shares being launched for trading on an exchange for stocks. The trading of grey market shares in India is carried out by cash or in the person. There are no third-party companies like Stock Exchanges or SEBI back the transaction. Kostak, as well as Grey Market Premium, are the two terms that are well-known within the Initial Public Offering (IPO) Grey Market.

Key Takeaways:

A gray market of financial security refers to the unofficial and over-the-counter (OTC) transactions that occur within the security.

Contrary to normal OTC trading, where securities do not trade on exchanges and the gray market is a place to trade securities that have been removed from trading in the public market or have not yet officially begun trading on exchanges.

How much is Kostak’s rate?

Kostak rate is the price at which you can sell your IPO application. Kostak rate represents the rate that you can offer an IPO application for a set price regardless of whether or not you receive the right to sell or not.

The GMP is the measure of enthusiasm for an IPO by investors. There is no assurance that the GMP can accurately predict the price of the listing. But, it is certainly an instrument you can test before taking a stake in an IPO.

Many IPOs including Zomato or Burger King, have recently seen GMPs of 55-65%, and similar increases were reported on the day of listing.

What exactly is Grey Market In India?

The grey markets of India have been an alternative market to trade stocks for a long period and their legitimacy is verified by investors and traders. Grey markets are the role of a supply and demand situation which is why traders and retail investors purchase the shares prior to being listed.

If someone would like to leave the IPO due to reasons of any kind of reason, the grey market provides a means to get out. People can also purchase IPO shares even if they missed the deadline.

A company may trade its stock and its applications on the grey market prior to being listed. These markets also offer an opportunity for underwriters to know the future of the business after it gets listed. For example, In India shares that aren’t listed by local unicorns such as Paytm or Zomato are being traded at a price that is about 15 times higher than the anticipated IPO price.

Grey Market In Stock

A grey market stock is in which the shares of the company are sold and bought by traders who are not officially. If a business presents its shares to traders prior to the shares being released in an Initial Public Offering, also known as IPO the stock is referred to as a Grey Market Stock.

In general, a few sets of people control the grey market stocks and deals are based on the confidence of the people. The trading that takes place in the grey market stock market in India is illegal and not official. The transactions that were executed are not able to be settled until official trading begins.

Grey Market Premium

The price at which the IPO share of the grey market can be traded is referred to as a grey market premium. The stock of the company that will be included in the IPO can be purchased and sold in the stock market. This live grey market premium will reflect what the IPO will perform on the day of its announcement.

Here’s an example:

The stock market is becoming super easy.

Let’s suppose that the price at which Stock A is issued will be around Rs. 150. The grey market premium can be found at in the amount of Rs. 200. This implies that investors are willing to buy share capital in Company A for Rs.350 (150+200).

Note that the grey market premium for an IPO is contingent upon the market demand.

Different types of trading in the Grey Market

There are two kinds of trading on the grey market:

trading, i.e., buying or selling the allocated IPO shares prior to being listed on exchanges.

trading, i.e., buying or selling IPO applications at a certain rate or premium.

What is the process behind Grey Market work?

Within the grey market, There are two methods to earn money. The first is that you can purchase or sell IPO shares on the grey market prior to when they are publicly traded. The other option is that you can offer to sell your IPO application for a specific price.

Let’s go over both of them separately.

Trading Shares of IPOs in the grey Market:

Investors are able to apply for shares via IPO. They risk their financial security because they could not be shares or get shares, but the shares could be listed below the price of the issue. They are also known as sellers.

There are a few people who believe that the share is worth more than the price at which it was issued. They begin collecting shares prior to being allotted to them through the IPO allotment procedure. They are also known as buyers.

Buyers place an order to purchase IPO shares with a specific premium by contacting grey market dealers.

The next step is for the dealer to contact the sellers who have applied to participate in the IPO and ask them if they’d like for them to trade their IPO shares for a predetermined premium at the moment.

In the meantime, if the sellers do not want to risk trading on a stock market listing and would prefer the premium that comes with it, they could offer their IPO shares to a grey market broker and record the gain. But, the seller needs to sign a contract in conjunction with the grey market dealer at a specific price.

The dealer obtains the information needed to apply from the seller and then sends an email of the purchase to inform the customer that he purchased some shares from sellers on the grey market.

The allotment process is completed and the seller may or may not get an allotment of shares.

When shares have been assigned by the owner to an investor the latter could or receive a message from the dealer who will offer the shares at a specific cost or transfer shares to a Demat bank account.

When the investor sells the shares to the buyer, the settlement will be made based on the profits or loss as well as also the grey market premium in which sellers and buyers made an agreement.

If there is no allocation of shares to the sellers, the transaction will be canceled, and there is no payment.

Trading IPO applications on the Grey Market:

The is similar to IPO share trading IPO applications can include sellers as well as buyers.

Buyers decide the cost of the application based on a variety of factors in addition to market conditions. They make an offer to sellers that they will purchase an IPO Application at a predetermined premium.

To ensure that you are sure sellers can offer their application at a premium to the buyer via a grey market vendor.

In this case, there’s no reason for the vendor to fret about the share allocation during IPO. Even if he did not receive an allotment, he will still get some grey market premium that he paid when the sale was made of the IPO allocation.

The seller forwards the complete request to the agent. In addition, the dealer notifies the buyer that they purchased an IPO application for a specific premium from the seller in the grey market.

The allotment process is handled by the registrar of the issuing company. The applicant seller shares may or not receive any shares at all.

When shares have been assigned to the sale application or seller, the latter may receive an email/call from the dealer asking them to transfer allocated shares to a Demat account or to sell them at a specific price.

When selling shares the settlement process is according to the profit and loss.

If there aren’t any shares allocated to the seller, the transaction will be considered to have ended and there is no finalization. However, the seller receives his premium because he has completed the sale of his application.

What is the process by which IPO Applications are traded in the market?

The procedure for trading IPO applications is the same as IPO shares. The only difference is the fact that the seller gets a premium cost from buyers, even if no application has been made.

Who should you contact to trade on the Grey Market?

Since it isn’t an official market trading in the grey market is typically performed via telephone calls. There aren’t any officially licensed traders or registered individuals that are registered for grey market trade. Investors who want to trade on the grey market must find an authorized dealer in the area to assist in finding sellers and buyers.


In simple terms, one could say that the grey market can be described as an indicator of how the stock will fare when it is listed. While the grey market is not officially recognized, however, it isn’t illegal. An IPO that is a grey market IPO is often proven as a success for numerous organizations and parties that issue an IPO.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):

Q. Are the Grey market an aspect or a part of the IPO market?

The Grey market can be described as an informal market and it is the IPO market that can be considered an official, recognized method of raising money in the market in accordance with SEBI guidelines. In the IPO market as well as those who trade in the IPO grey market don’t have any connection whatsoever. You are aware of IPO in the share market but it’s crucial to be aware of the grey market for IPOs.

Q. Why, then, do IPOs trade on the grey market before they are listed?

Let us define what it is the grey market refers to as an informal market that allows interested traders to sell and buy shares of the upcoming IPO. These aren’t actual shares from the IPO but are something that is similar to unofficial forwards on shares.

Q. Does the Grey market similar to any other exchange or market?

Because it is an informal market trading is generally conducted over the phone. Prior to the company’s listing the shares, grey market traders will begin bidding on IPO shares based on variables such as the appetite of institutional investors as well as the retail appetite, the amount of oversubscription, the reputation of the promoters, etc. Gray market prices are affected by supply and demand.

Q. If it is true that the grey market doesn’t issue shares what do they issue?

It is the grey market is a market that is largely based on trust. It’s a small group of participants who offer bids and offers on the IPO stocks at various price points. A lot of brokers and investors are interested in this grey market as an unreliable gauge of the performance post-listing for the company. Unofficial contacts are made up of small pieces of paper. The transactions are completely based on trust between the parties.

Q. Who looks at the price of the grey market value?

For investors who are retail, The grey market price can be a good indicator of the post listing’s performance. For HNI investors they get an indication of the demand for the company and aid them to decide on the amount they can apply for the IPO. If it’s for IPO financers, it offers investors an insight into whether funding the IPO could be a profitable business idea or not.

Q. What exactly does it mean to Grey Market Premium (GMP)?

Grey market premium significance is that is easy to comprehend. Grey market premium is a simple concept to understand. IPO grey market premium signifies the amount that investors will pay over the price they have discovered for the IPO. To comprehend exactly what constitutes GMP on IPO markets, one needs to understand the way in which unofficial premiums are established for IPOs.

Q. How much is Kostak and Kostak cost?

Kostak is the term used in colloquial terms for the price of an application. To fully understand the meaning of Kostak in IPO it is important to know the meaning behind what Kostak rates are. This is the cost at which you will be able to sell your product on the IPO grey market and more demand will mean an increase in the IPO Kostak cost.

Q. Does SEBI supervise this grey market?

As previously mentioned as mentioned earlier, it is said that the grey market can be described as an informal market and is without the stipulations of SEBI regulation. The trades or bids made on the grey market don’t require the authorization or approval of SEBI or any other exchanges. Be aware that prices can fluctuate dramatically when trading in the grey market because there none of no circuit filtering systems.

Q. So, unlike regular transactions that the grey market isn’t 100% guaranteed?

You do have the risk of a counterparty when you purchase and sell shares on the grey market. Because this isn’t an official market controlled by SEBI The regulator typically does not permit retail investors to participate in these markets. Contrary to exchange-traded transactions where the clearing organization is the counterparty and it is a grey market is subject to the possibility of default by the other partner. It is more of an open-forward market.

Q. Can I comprehend the grey market by a simple example?

Let’s say that you submitted your application for the IPO to purchase 1000 shares. You were allotted 500 shares. On the grey market, the price of the stock is a premium of 55 percent. The idea is that you could sell the shares on the grey market and ensure the price. If the price is 25 percent premium then you will gain, but if it is listed at 100 percent premium then you’ll lose. We’d like to mention the fact that it is an unregulated market which makes it at risk of being a victim of counterparty risk.

Q. How do investors ensure that they get the most out of what is known as the grey market?

As mentioned previously in the past, it is a fact that the grey market is a closed market that is not subject to the remit of SEBI regulations. Therefore, all transactions take an underlying form called forward transactions and are subject to the risk of the counterparty. In the best case, you could take a look at grey markets as an indicator of the price at which the listing is priced. Don’t be too concerned about them since grey market prices are susceptible to manipulation.